Normal veins are smooth and even in their shape and size. This allows blood to flow smoothly through them. But, if they become damaged, this makes them crooked and bent in awkward positions, which causes blood to pool in them. When this happens, they are called varicose veins. They are more commonly found in the legs and feet.
What Causes Varicose Veins?
Veins can be damaged in many ways. Those who have to stand a lot often get them, and so do people who have a sedentary lifestyle. Older people experience varicose veins more often than those who are younger because they have thinner skin, which makes them more noticeable. However, adults who are younger, but obese, have higher rates of varicose veins too. Some people who lead otherwise healthy lifestyles get varicose veins simply because they have a genetic predisposition to them.
What are the Symptoms?
Bulging veins that are noticeable in the skin is the most obvious symptom of varicose veins. But sometimes, people also experience swelling and pain in the area too. Because crooked, damaged veins can reduce blood flow to an area, there can also be redness if a blood clot develops.
What Treatments are Available?
Varicose vein treatment centers specialize in helping adults with varicose veins. They offer numerous treatment options, which are both safe and effective. For instance, sclerotherapy involves injecting a saline solution into the damaged veins, so they collapse and disappear. Professionals, like those at Ivein Treatment Center in Provo, Utah, know that veins can be surgically removed as well. This method is more invasive though. The damaged section is cut away, and the healthy portion of the vein is cut and tied at the end. Focused light beam therapy is a safer option. It causes no pain or scarring. Most patients can walk immediately after it is done.
Are Varicose Veins Preventable?
If a person has an extensive amount of varicose veins, the doctor will often recommend that they do a few things to help lighten the burden on them so less damage will be done. First of all, if a patient is overweight, losing a few pounds will help. Gentle exercises improve blood flow, so this is encouraged as well. Drinking enough water and wearing supportive shoes and stockings also helps.
Most varicose veins are not serious, but if you have any that have begun to be painful and swollen, be sure to get them checked by a doctor. This could be a sign of a more serious issue. Never attempt to treat varicose veins yourself because this could cause further injury.