The spine is a marvel of biological engineering designed for both strong support and subtle flexibility. However, when problems develop in the spinal structure, you can experience back pain that can become chronic. The following are a few of the most common causes of back pain.

Poor Posture Habits

Sitting hunched over a computer screen for 8 or more hours per day can be a significant factor in the development of back pain. Take frequent breaks and do some stretches to increase blood flow to the spine and back muscles to prevent back pain.

Insufficient Exercise

Keeping the core of the body, that is, the muscles that comprise the trunk of the body, in good condition can help to prevent many types of back pain. The muscles of the stomach and sides are essential to good posture and proper spinal alignment. If you have a desk job or spend a good portion of the day sitting, an expert from Nexus Pain Specialists recommends taking the time to exercise daily to keep core muscles toned.

Emotional Stress

Emotional problems can increase cortisol levels in the blood caused by stress, which can cause muscle spasms in the shoulders and back. Depression can cause the release of this stress hormone, so if you find yourself feeling low and uninterested in your usual activities, get treated for the condition to prevent back problems and other health issues.

Bad Sleep Position

The way you sleep can also have an effect on your back. If you have a habit of sleeping on your stomach, you may be putting additional stress on spinal structures for six, seven or eight hours each night. This stress can lead to daytime back pain that can be eliminated if you change your usual sleep position.

Smoking

Individuals who smoke are often prone to back problems, because the nicotine in these products narrows blood vessels, reducing the amount of blood that flows to the spinal disks and other structures. Reduce your risk for back pain by avoiding nicotine, and if you smoke, join a smoking cessation program or talk to your doctor about ways to quit.

Wearing High Heels

Those stylish high heels or ultra-flat sandals may look fabulous, but they can be responsible for serious spinal misalignment and subsequent back pain. Good footwear that holds your feet, ankles and knees in proper position can also help to keep the vertebrae of the spine in normal alignment, so that you can avoid chronic low back pain.

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