Learning the risk factors can minimize complications while pregnant. A chronic disease or illness can cause complications. These include anemia, cancer, diabetes, epilepsy, high blood pressure, infections, kidney problems, and sexually transmitted diseases. Other factors that can put a woman at a higher risk for complications include substance abuse such as drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, and using illegal drugs. The risk is heightened for pregnancies at a very young age and over the age of 35. In addition, a history of pregnancy loss or pre-term births and carrying multiple babies can cause pregnancy complications.
How to Maximize Health
Pregnancy complications cannot always be prevented, but there are steps to help prevent a high-risk pregnancy. At least 18 months between giving birth and getting pregnant again should pass. Prior to becoming pregnant, it is important to consult with a doctor to help prepare. This is especially true if there is a pre-existing medical condition. Women should seek treatment for chronic health conditions. Women who are taking medications should ensure the medications they are already taking are safe to continue taking or if they should stop taking them. Most importantly, all routine prenatal visits should be attended even when everything is going smoothly. The first prenatal visit should occur as soon as there is a suspicion of pregnancy.
Birth injuries can be complications during pregnancy and labor. Pregnancies that last longer than 42 weeks can result in delivering a large baby. Excessive bleeding after delivery, genital tract lacerations, and uterine ruptures may occur. Cerebral palsy can occur from lack of oxygen to the brain, head trauma, infection, and meningitis. Some birth injuries are congenital, but others are due to the fault of the delivering doctor or medical staff. Professionals, like those at CPR Law, help clients obtain the compensation they deserve if their child suffers a birth injury. An antenatal fetal monitoring, a biophysical profile, a contraction stress test, and labor induction can monitor these possible complications.
Healthy Lifestyle Choices
Prenatal vitamins should be taken daily. A healthy diet should be followed consisting of fiber, lean protein, fruit, and vegetables. It is recommended women gain weight wisely. Women should gain around 25 to 35 pounds if they were at a healthy weight prior to pregnancy. An obstetrician can determine how much weight should be gained during pregnancy. Doing yoga and listening to music can be done to reduce anxiety and decrease stress levels. Alcohol, illegal drugs, and smoking should be completely abstained.
A doctor should always be contacted if there are any concerns during a pregnancy. It is difficult to distinguish between the normal symptoms of pregnancy and the symptoms of complications. Signs of a problem are bleeding, blurred vision, dizziness, fever, pain in the abdomen, persistent vomiting, severe headaches, and sudden swelling in the face or hands.