Healthcare professionals often deal with a variety of medical problems on a daily basis that can have serious consequences for patients. The ability to recognize common symptoms and provide standard treatments in a timely manner can prevent disability and save lives.
High Blood Pressure
The American Heart Association estimates that one in three people have high blood pressure, also called hypertension, in the United States. These individuals often do not know they have high blood pressure, because it is generally a symptomless disease. However, untreated high blood can lead to stroke, cardiovascular problems, vision problems, kidney damage and other effects. A number of medications are available to prevent serious health consequences of HBP.
Individuals who have diabetes may develop a medical problem when insufficient insulin is produced in the body, creating a buildup of acids called ketones. Symptoms include excessive thirst, frequent urination, nausea, vomiting, confusion and shortness of breath. Bringing blood sugar levels back to normal levels with insulin or medication will relieve these symptoms.
Asthma is a condition in which the airways in the lungs become inflamed and narrowed, causing difficulty with breathing. The individual may experience coughing, chest tightness and inability to take in a full breath. An asthma attack can be life threatening and should receive appropriate treatment immediately. Some companies, like Aerospan RX, know how serious asthma attacks can be. An asthma inhaler can help to relieve symptoms quickly to allow the individual to breathe freely again.
Symptoms of a heart attack differ between men and women. Women may not experience the classic chest pain that is associated with the condition. Instead, they may feel discomfort in the abdomen or back, along with profuse sweating and fatigue. Heart medications, oxygen and other treatments should be administered immediately.
Stroke occurs when the blood flow to the brain is disrupted. It can cause long lasting problems with movement, speech and cognition. A stroke can also lead to death. The acronym “FAST” has been employed to help both non-medical people and health professionals recognize the symptoms of stroke which include: facial drooping on one side of the face when asked to smile, arm weakness when individual is asked to raise arms, with one arm drifting downward, speech problems that cause the individual to slur words or have difficulty repeating a simple phrase. Timely treatment is critical for preventing long-term disability and death from stroke and should begin immediately.
These five conditions are among the most common seen by healthcare professionals in daily care settings and in emergency care. Fast, appropriate diagnosis and treatment will prevent further complications that can occur from these medical issues.