If you’ve ever had a toothache, you can attest that irritation in the mouth is some of the most distracting and miserable pain to have. Unfortunately, oral pain doesn’t always come from a wonky tooth; there are dozens of reasons why you might be experiencing constant pain in your mouth. It can be tough to tell exactly what is causing the problem—especially if you have good oral hygiene. The truth is, many infections, changes in the body, and even medications can cause severe pain in the mouth, even if you practice good dental hygiene. Keep reading to learn about some of the reasons why your mouth is killing you, and how you can get rid of the pain as soon as possible.
Burning Mouth Syndrome
Burning mouth syndrome starts with a moderate to severe burning sensation on your tongue, lips, or palate. It usually begins in the late morning and peaks by evening, typically ending altogether come nighttime. You might have constant pain, but it can come and go in random waves as well. It can be caused by hormonal changes, a yeast infection in the mouth (thrush), or acid reflux—all causes that seem to be unrelated to the mouth. If the root of the pain is one of these underlying causes, using cleansing oral rinses can help to temporarily take the burning away—however, treating the hormonal changes, thrush, or acid reflex will help get rid of it for good.
These incredibly painful sores are known as stomatitis and can appear both inside and outside of your mouth. They may be raised and fluid filled like blisters, or red and white and filled with dead cell material, or even food debris. They can be caused by bacterial or fungal infections, recurring viruses, or tobacco use. If you have several sores, it is best to seek the advice of your doctor or dentist. Your doctor will ask about your medical history and rule out any side effects from prescription drugs or systemic infections. Then, antibiotics can be prescribed to treat the bacterial infection, and doctors will often prescribe a pain medication or oral rinse to help with the discomfort until the sores go away.
Gum Pain from Wisdom Teeth
There are many reasons for gum discomfort, but when the gums around your wisdom teeth become inflamed, it’s called pericoronitis and it makes eating, drinking, and brushing your teeth a dreaded experience. According to professionals who specialize in wisdom teeth removal in Salt Lake City, when your wisdom teeth erupt, they leave an opening between the tooth and gums that allows bacteria and food to enter. Because wisdom teeth are hard to clean, this debris often stays put and causes an infection or inflammation. You’ll notice pain, difficulty eating/swallowing, foul tasting drainage from the site, and even jaw swelling. Your doctor will give you pain medications and antibiotics to tide you over until the wisdom teeth can be removed. Removal is the best option because once the wisdom teeth have erupted, the gum pain will continually come back.
Salivary Gland Issues
The three main sets of salivary glands are located in the sides of the cheeks, under the tongue, and on the floor of the mouth. If you’re experiencing dry mouth, gland swelling, fever, pain, or nasty discharge on the inside of the mouth, your salivary glands might be inflamed, infected, or blocked. Your glands can be backed up by salivary stones, become infected by bacteria, or even develop cysts. Infections will be treated with antibiotics, while blocked salivary glands can be relieved with ultrasonic waves to break the stones up or even removal of the gland if blockages are a recurrent problem.
Oral Yeast Infections
Also known as thrush, an overgrowth of yeast in the mouth cavity can lead to discomfort because of the accompanying rash. Thrush is usually present in infants, but adults can suffer from it too if they’re on strong antibiotics, have weakened immune systems, or are diabetics. Symptoms include white sores on the mouth or tongue, pain during swallowing, or bleeding from the mouth when you brush your teeth. Your doctor will prescribe you with an anti-fungal medication and potentially a mouth rinse to help more quickly combat the yeast and to provide relief from the rash. If you have thrush, it’s best to avoid foods high in sugar because the yeast loves to feed off of sugar.
Any oral pain that persists should be examined by a doctor or dentist, especially because many problems throughout the body are manifested by side effects in the mouth. Maintaining good personal oral hygiene with help you avoid any excessive pain, and regular trips to the dentist will lower your chances of allowing problems in the teeth or gums to form. In some cases, these problems can be quickly resolved with over the counter medicines and home remedies—but you must determine the root cause of the pain before any treatments can take effect. The information for this article was provided by wisdom teeth dentists in Salt Lake City who provide free wisdom teeth removal.