As your body ages, your chances of developing certain health problems increase. Fortunately, many of these conditions can be treated with medication and medical procedures that can help improve your quality of life. You may even be able to prevent some of these health problems by eating right, exercising and doing other things to take care of yourself. Here are four common health problems that are known to arise in old age.

Bone Disorders

Seniors are particularly susceptible to certain bone disorders that can cause long-term pain and mobility challenges. Arthritis is a common condition among the elderly that causes bone joints to become inflamed. Osteoporosis occurs when the body doesn’t produce enough new bone material to keep the bones strong, which can lead to fractures and more serious bone breaks. Increasing calcium and vitamin D intake and performing exercises that aren’t too strenuous on the bones and joints can help minimize symptoms of these conditions.

Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular disease is an umbrella term that covers several conditions that affect the heart and blood vessels. According to Heart.org, heart disease is one of the most common health problems that is associated with cardiovascular disease and often occurs when blood flow through the vessels is restricted because of plaque buildups (atherosclerosis). Cardiovascular disease also leads to heart attacks and strokes in many cases. To lessen your chances of being affected by this condition, it’s best to maintain a diet that’s low in sodium, saturated fats and trans-fats.

Cancer

Like with cardiovascular disease, cancer involves many subcategories. Colorectal, pancreatic and kidney cancers affect the elderly at higher rates. Seniors are also at greater risk for lung, breast, and skin cancers. Genetic testing can sometimes be done to determine a person’s likelihood of developing cancer so that any possible preventative measures can be taken. Refraining from smoking, drinking heavily, and eating highly processed foods can also be beneficial. If you happen to get diagnosed with cancer, it’s important that you have support from friends, family, and an aged care provider for the elderly.

Neurodegenerative Diseases

These types of diseases can diminish brain functioning, which can impair memory and other cognitive abilities. Alzheimer’s disease is one of the most well-known neurodegenerative diseases and often leads to irrational behaviors, mobility impairments, and the inability to remember basic information. Dementia is another common neurodegenerative disease that has similar symptoms to Alzheimer’s but can sometimes be reversed when drug interactions or vitamin deficiencies are addressed, according to alzheimers.net. Engaging in intellectual activities regularly and eating more dark chocolate can help stop these conditions from developing.

Even though you’re at greater risk for these health problems as you get older doesn’t meant that you’ll be affected by them. If you take the right preventative measures and seek the proper treatments, you may be able to stay healthy and continue living a good life.

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