From historic contributions to the field of medicine to cutting edge research that pushes the scientific envelope, the world’s most prestigious health universities have garnered critical esteem and a myriad of accolades for their contributions to medicine. Their work has and continues to improve the lives of people throughout the world while their educational programs compel individuals to meet the highest standards in their work and chosen medical profession. The following five health universities are revered throughout the world for their immense contributions to medical science.
1. Harvard University
The third oldest school of medicine in the U.S., Harvard Medical School enjoys a rich history filled with numerous accomplishments and contributions to the field of medicine. Harvard Medical School’s researchers have shared in nine Nobel Prizes awarded for such important work as tissue-culture methods for the treatment of viral diseases (like Polio) and organ and cell transplantation in humans. Moreover, the school’s Center for the History of Medicine is revered as one of the best collections of its kind in the world. In 2012, Harvard was ranked number one in the field of research by U.S. News and World Reports.
2. Johns Hopkins University Medical School
The first major medical school in the nation to admit women, Johns Hopkins is a pioneering institution that continues to pave new roads in medical science. While its history is undeniably great–after all, it was the first medical facility to use rubber gloves during surgery–its contemporary work is no less important; the discovery of the brain’s natural opiates sparked immense work on neurotransmitter pathways. Johns Hopkins staff was awarded a Nobel Prize for the discovery of restriction enzymes, research that opened the door to genetic engineering. During its history, John Hopkins overhauled its school with rigid and high standards to help generate some of the country’s most distinguished and capable physicians, surgeons, and research specialists.
3. University of Oxford
With its medical roots in the thirteenth century, it’s hardly surprising that the University of Oxford continues to hail as one of the greatest health studies institutions on the planet. Particularly revered for its medical research, the university has achieved greatness for many historic contributions in neuroanatomy, the circulatory system, and for developing programs for the instruction of clinicians. Throughout the past centuries, the fledgling field of medicine looked to Oxford for influences and guidance. Among Oxford’s most important contributions is the development of penicillin (after Alexandre Fleming’s initial discovery) and its subsequent Nobel Prize. Today, Oxford carries on its traditions of greatness through world class research and treatment facilities.
With a plethora of groundbreaking treatments and research to its credit, Stanford University in California continues to be a leader in the world of medical science. In 1962, Stanford created the first neonatal intensive care unit that allowed visitation by parents while in 2010, it transformed the skin cells of mice into functioning nerve cells. Its achievements are incredibly varied and undeniably crucial to the field of medicine. From the first clinical trials of Wellbutrin to the discovery of the genetic mutation that leads to narcolepsy, Stanford fuels its greatness by training subsequent generations of great minds.
5. University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine
As one of the country’s top research-oriented schools for medicine, Perelman has made numerous contributions to medical science. In fact, the Perelman School of Medicine is ranked third among the highest funded academic centers by the National Institutes of Health–for the year 2010, it received 407 million dollars. This funding has not been in vain; Perelman’s greatness began when it became one the first schools to promote the development of medical specialties to recently when its staff discovered the mutation that causes a rare bone disease. For advances in the treatment of severely injured trauma patients to work on the RotaTeq vaccine, Perelman has been a leading educational facility for decades.
Guest post contributed by Sarah Rawson who is a freelance writer. Sarah’s articles appear on various higher education blogs. Find out more about a Doctorate Nurse Practitioner salary.