Obesity has caused people a lot of detrimental effects such as various health complications. Obesity may lead to various obesity-related diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and metabolic syndrome. In addition to these, a recent research published in the Journal of Pediatrics reveals that mothers who experienced obesity during pregnancy may have new-borns and infants that are small for their age. This impairment in the growth and development is especially seen during the first stage of life.
The research conducted by experts at lowa University involved comparing the growth and development of infants born to obese mothers and normal-weight mothers. The growth and development was measured using the infants’ height and weight.
The research revealed that infants from birth to three months born to obese mothers grew less tall and gained less weight compared to infants born to normal-weight mothers.
The researchers further explained that children born to obese or overweight mothers experience abnormal growth compared to other children. These results possibly link the role of obesity in mothers and obesity during pregnancy to harmful effects in children.
Obesity clearly does not only affect the person experiencing it, but also future generations. The rise in the incidence of obesity among women during their child-bearing years also increases the number of children who will possibly grow less in weight and height that may lead to possible growth stunting. Statistics show that in 2010, almost six out of ten women suffered from obesity in their child-bearing age. This means that 6 out of ten children born may also suffer from poor growth during their first three years of life.
What is evident is that those infants born to obese mothers may catch up to the growth of their non-overweight-mother born peers at some point. However, when they do, it also leads to continuous rapid weight gaining, which leads them to be overweight or obese as well during adolescence.
As we can see, families who are usually overweight also have children who are overweight, but it is not evident at birth because children are usually smaller than average infants. Genetics have been used to explain the incidences why children born to overweight or obese mothers also become overweight or obese as they enter puberty, but genetics does not seem to be the cause why these children start as smaller than the rest of their age group during the first three months of life.
The research then further studied the reasons behind this slower physical development among children born to obese mothers. The study found two possible explanations for this.
First, fat cells in obese mothers increase the inflammation as a result of the suppression of the immune system. As a result, the circulating inflammatory mediators may also affect the fetal immune system. This leads to decreased energy for the baby’s development since most of the energy is used for the repair of inflammation.
Another explanation for the slower physical development of babies is that the increased fatty acid-derived growth hormones in obese mothers also circulate to the fetus. As a result, the pituitary gland of the developing baby inside the womb limits its secretion of growth hormones because they already have free fatty acid-derived growth hormones from their mothers. It also results in an immature pituitary gland even after birth, so there are fewer growth hormones produced during the first three months of life when the pituitary gland is still developing.
The results of the study support the need to lose weight as early as possible especially by women who plan to have a baby. Losing weight, in this regard, should not only be done for the sake of the mother, but also for the general health of the fetus.
If you are planning to become pregnant or simply want to be fit, you should consider losing weight. There are a lot of diet plans that can help you lose weight, and some of these are BistroMD and Diettogo. To learn about and find more info visit weightlosstriumph.com.
Clearly, obesity only leads to harmful effects for people. It’s not the outside physical appearance of the person that suffers more, but the underlying body processes that may lead to unacceptable results both for the mother and her infant.