Mandatory Credit: Photo by Voisin/Phanie / Rex Features ( 1302876j ) A diabetic woman is checking her blood sugar level (self glycemia). A drop of blood obtained with a pen-like lancing device is placed on a test stick and analysed with blood glucose tester (glucometer). Various

Diabetes puts an incredible amount of strain on an individual’s body. When left untreated, many of the secondary symptoms and side effects can actually cause permanent damage. Here is a quick look at a few side effects of diabetes that should never be ignored.

Cuts and Bruises That Won’t Heal

A healthy body is very resilient, and it should completely heal the average injury within a week or two. When wounds are slow to heal, there is a much higher risk of an infection taking place. Most diabetic patients and their caregivers are given very specific instructions on how to treat any wounds that are healing slowly. That includes cleaning the wound with soap and water, patting the area dry, and then applying a topical antibiotic cream. This is especially important on cuts below the waist that become infected at much higher rates.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy will progress through a series of stages and eventually cause permanent damage if it is not treated. Some of the symptoms of this condition include spots across one’s vision, frequent headaches, and broken blood vessels in the eyes. To prevent these issues, a diabetic patient should meet with an experienced optometrist from somewhere like All About Eyes at least twice a year. There is currently no known cure for this condition, but laser treatments have been shown to slow vision loss when carried out regularly.

Excessive Thirst

Many diabetic patients find themselves urinating dozens of times a day, and that can lead to extreme dehydration. Even those who drink quite a bit of water could be putting their kidneys under a tremendous amount of strain. The most effective way to treat this issue is to keep a labeled jug of water with the patient at all times. They should also avoid foods and beverages that can worsen their dehydration such as alcohol.

Gum Disease

Anyone who has recently noticed the side effects of gum disease should immediately contact their dentist. Over time, this condition can lead to additional complications such as tooth loss, dental caries, facial deformations, and chronic pain. Preventing this condition requires changes to one’s daily habits including frequent brushing and flossing. Many diabetic patients are also given prescription mouthwash to combat the extra bacteria lingering on their teeth and gums.

The most effective way to manage these symptoms is to regularly meet with a doctor who specializes in diabetes. Your doctor can help you come up with a comprehensive treatment plan to lessen the side effects or potentially reverse them altogether.

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