Pregnancy complications can develop that endanger both mother and child. Fortunately, most problems that may arise during pregnancy are treatable. A highly trained healthcare provider, with experience treating at-risk pregnancies, is a must in situations where complications arise. Here are four complications to guard against during your pregnancy.
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
GDM affects the body’s ability to properly process carbohydrates (sugars and starches), which leads to high levels of sugar in the blood. Individuals who develop GDM must work closely with their healthcare provider to bring the situation under control. A healthy diet and regular exercise is enough to control blood sugar levels in many women, but this requires working closely with your healthcare provider. GDM that is poorly controlled can lead to a number of health concerns during pregnancy, such as preeclampsia, having a large baby, the need for a cesarean section, early birth and delivering a baby with breathing problems, low blood sugar or jaundice.
Morning sickness, or nausea, is common in early pregnancy. Severe nausea and vomiting that lasts throughout the pregnancy is something different altogether. Hyperemesis gravidarum can cause dehydration and weight loss, and require hospitalization.
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, can cause health complications for both mother and baby during pregnancy. According to Gilbert Webb M.D. , hypertension may lead to preeclampsia, giving birth to a low birth weight baby, a preterm delivery, and even infant death. If you have existing high blood pressure before you become pregnant, it is imperative that you work with a healthcare provider who is trained in high risk pregnancies and deliveries. It is important to note that, while existing hypertension requires special care during pregnancy, even individuals who haven’t had high blood pressure before pregnancy can develop the condition during pregnancy.
Placenta previa develops when the placenta attaches low in the uterus, partially or fully covering the cervix. Placenta previa often resolves itself as the pregnancy progresses, but if it does not, a cesarean delivery is required. A pregnancy involving placenta previa is high-risk, and requires supervision by an obstetrician well-versed in high-risk deliveries.
This is not an all-encompassing list of potential health problems during pregnancy. While most pregnancies are considered normal, complications can develop at any time, and escalate quickly. Working with an experienced healthcare professional, starting early in your pregnancy, helps minimize your risks of complications.