Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes are both diseases that occur when a person’s body is unable to control their blood sugar, resulting in high blood sugar levels. Since excessive glucose in the bloodstream can cause damage that leads to blindness, limb amputations, and heart attacks, medical professionals work very hard to help patients manage their Diabetes and keep blood sugar low.
People with type 1 Diabetes have a pancreas that simply does not produce insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar, so they generally need insulin injections to control their blood sugar. For people with type 2 Diabetes, most medication relies on drugs that increase insulin sensitivity, stimulate insulin production, or lower glucose production in the liver. However, some people with Type 2 Diabetes also take insulin to lower blood sugar levels.
Most diabetics experience high blood sugar spikes anytime they consume processed carbohydrates, which quickly break down into glucose and flood the bloodstream. There are many different diets that work differently on different patients, so these are often studied while earning a nursing informatics degree in college. In general, it is important for people with diabetes to eat a diet low in carbohydrates and sugar, and high in fiber and fat, which can slow the absorption process and keep blood sugar levels down.
One of the biggest risk factors for developing Type 2 Diabetes is being overweight, and almost 80 percent of people with Diabetes are overweight. Obesity and Diabetes are linked because high levels of fat in the pancreas and liver make these organs become resistant to insulin. Research by the Newcastle University has found that even people who have had Type 2 Diabetes for ten years are able to reverse the condition after going from an obese weight to a normal weight.
Many studies have found that exercise is a great way to prevent damagingly high blood sugar levels. When a person exercises, their body needs extra energy, which it gets by metabolizing sugar. Therefore, exercising uses up excess glucose in the blood, and some studies have found that exercise is just as effective as medication. Exercise also helps with weight loss, which can prevent Diabetes from worsening.
With these methods, it is possible to control high blood sugar and prevent Diabetes from progressing. Living a healthy lifestyle, maintaining a healthy weight, and taking the right medications can help people to live a happy, healthy life even with Diabetes. If you have diabetes, talk to your doctor about finding the best possible treatment.