There are social factors, also known as social determinants, that have been giving rise to major concerns for community health. The social factors causing health problems are not just in underdeveloped nations. They are festering in the contemporary world. For example, social exclusion can lead to and have an influence on community health. It would surprise a lot people if they knew some of the influencing factors on community health. Below are four major concerns for community health in the contemporary world.
There are a great deal of studies to be found that will indicate that a sense of belonging is important to a community’s health. Whether a person or group belongs to a circle of friends, a faith community, a volunteer organization or an extended family, it helps to keep the community healthy. Several colleges place an emphasis on community health within their curriculum. For example, The University of Nevada, Reno has a mission to create ethical social workers and community leaders through their master’s of social work.
Once a country reaches a point where the majority of deaths do not come from viruses or infectious diseases like malaria, cholera, pneumonia, the flu or others, chronic diseases begin to become the number one health concern of the society and within certain communities. Cancer, heart disease and diabetes seem linked more with social inequality and the economy. Social and economic equality within a community is a better determinant of average life spans.
Communities Lacking a Sense of Collective or Personal Efficacy
This has everything to do with people’s sense of control over their lives, which is a social issue that impacts the health of community. People who feel they have greater sense of effectiveness or whose family has a stronger legacy of efficacy maintain better health, engage more often in civic life and volunteer tend to work and live longer. They are happier and have a sense of belonging and well-being.
Lack of Community Health Facilities
According to Adventist University of Health Sciences, hospitals play an important role in the health of a community. Hospitals use strategies like outreach programs and work closely with churches and other non-profit organizations to extend its influence into the community and offer help to the more vulnerable people of the population through various programs. The more vulnerable people who have benefited off of the charity of local hospitals and the churches they work with include the elderly, the poor and the homeless.
Inside of a community are hubs of support like community centers, homeless shelters, free clinics and hospitals that people depend on. Those hubs also depend on the support of community leaders and members that are more fortunate than others. The circle of support is what helps sustain good help inside of a community.