Emerging countries have a variety of health threats that those living in western countries never have to consider. In North America and Europe, for instance, the vast majority of people have access to clean drinking water, some type of housing and access to health care. However, in emerging civilizations, individuals are often dependent on weather patterns for their survival and routinely drink water from contaminated sources. The four following health concerns are among the most important for the continuation of survival in these countries.
Lack of Clean Water
The lack of clean water in emerging nations means more than simply dehydration. In fact, research shows that around one-sixth of the world’s population does not have access to enough water. Additionally, the water that families do have is often contaminated with refuse and bacteria, leading to dangerous and fast-spreading diseases.
Insufficient Agricultural Resources
While the majority of emerging nations operate in mainly rural settings, this does not mean that everyone has sufficient access to food. Instead, most of these people are dependent on weather and pestilence to determine the success of crops. Sufficient crops of several varieties are important to supply people with plenty of calories as well as with necessary vitamins and minerals.
As climate changes occur, changes will be felt around the world. Not only will there be increased threat of flooding, which can destroy crops and contaminate water, but also higher temperatures and carbon dioxide levels can lead to an increase in sicknesses. Respiratory issues, such as asthma, and even mental illnesses may become more common. Someone who has earned an applied behavior analysis certification online will be able to look at the links between these mental illnesses and the biological patterns behind them.
New Health Threats
Some of the deadliest threats can occur with little to no warning. While such diseases as HIV are beginning to level off in emerging countries, other diseases, such as Ebola and Zika virus, are increasing. These diseases present problems for health care workers who may not know how to address the symptoms appropriately.
As scientists see these growing problems in numerous countries around the world, they are beginning to take active steps to solve these problems and improve people’s lives. They are finding clean water sources, providing electricity through hydropower and developing seeds that are resistant to disease. With hard work, these changes will be able to keep the growing population of the world healthy throughout the next decades.