Water is the main necessity of life for all living things on the planet. From trees, plants and grass, to all animals and humans; we use it to drink, bathe, cook and even run certain types of machinery. Water provides us with nutrition and oxygen to our cells, helps our bodies get rid of wastes and it is necessary for the digestion and absorption of food. Without this life sustaining necessity, all things that are depending on it for survival will die.
What are the Common Diseases That Are Caused by Polluted Water?
Because water is important to all living things on earth, it is also a must that it is free of any kind of pollutants. The lack of safe drinking water is responsible for many illnesses in several parts of the globe and 10 common diseases that are caused by it include:
Cholera is an infection of the intestinal tract that causes severe attacks of diarrhea and vomiting. It can also lead to dehydration and death if it is not treated. It is known to be a worldwide problem and it is caused by drinking water or eating food that has been contaminated with the feces of an infected person. Poorly cleaned vegetables that were irrigated with the contaminated water can also cause the disease.
Caused by a parasite that is carried by certain types of mosquitoes, Malaria is a serious disease that is responsible for the illnesses of 300 to 500 million people worldwide and 1 million children’s deaths a year. It is often brought on by bad water treatment systems where there is excessive pooling. This excessive pooling is a good breeding ground for mosquitoes.
3. Lead Poisoning:
Lead poisoning is caused by the lead that is carried from the pipes in the plumbing to the drinking water. With no benefit to human beings, it can cause serious symptoms if consumed in large quantities. These problems can range from anemia and high blood pressure to brain damage, convulsions, coma and death.
Typhoid is a bacterial infection that is caused by consuming contaminated food or water. Symptoms include headache, nausea and loss of appetite.
Lack of adequate water supplies, unsafe environmental conditions and poor hygiene are the causes of an eye infection that causes blindness called Trachoma.
Diarrhea is a common ailment that causes a person to lose electrolytes and water. Even though it is common, it can be very serious and cause dehydration and even death. It is a public health problem that is directly related to sanitation and water.
Also known as Traveler’s Diarrhea, Amoebiasis is caused by sewage, flies in the water supply and non treated drinking water. It infects the large intestine and the liver and symptoms range from mild diarrhea to dysentery.
Dysentery is a very serious diseases that is caused by poor hygiene as well as water that is tainted with bacteria. Symptoms include bloody diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, nausea and vomiting.
Arsenicosis is caused by long term exposure to low concentrations of arsenic in the drinking water. This exposure to arsenic causes cancers of the lung, kidney, bladder and skin.
Fluorosis is a bone disease that is caused by high concentrations of fluoride that occurs naturally in groundwater.
How Can We Protect Ourselves From Consuming Contaminated Water?
If you are concerned about the condition of your tap water or if you suspect that is it contaminated, water service companies such as Alberta Water Services (Offering water hauling in Calgary and more) can bring fresh, drinkable water to your home or business. Another way of preventing diseases from drinking water is testing the water in your well periodically and protect your water supply. Be aware of the activity around your watershed and talk to local experts. Be sure to maintain your well and close it properly.