Gingivitis is one of the most common diseases in the world, and nearly 50 percent of the adult population currently has some form of this oral health condition. Due to the prevalence of periodontal disease, everyone should know exactly what it does and how they can prevent it.

A Closer Look at Gum Health

Within a healthy mouth, there is a balance of good and bad bacteria. The bad bacteria feeds off of lingering food debris that has been caught between the teeth or in the back of the mouth. Over time, the unhealthy bacteria will create pockets of plaque and tartar. When these issues are left untreated, it can result in a variety of health complications including gum disease and tooth decay.

Symptoms and Side Effects

Gum disease manifests itself in many different ways, and that is why such a high percentage of patients have this condition without even realizing it. In some cases, the patient will notice nothing more than tender gums or a small amount of blood when they are brushing. Professionals, such as those at Periodontal Specialists, know that as the disease progresses, the gums can become inflamed and it might hurt to eat. Other patients struggle with chronic bad breath or a shiny film over their gums. Those who notice any of these symptoms should immediately contact a dentist to have their mouth inspected.

Treatment Options

The most effective way to treat gingivitis is to have one’s teeth and gums professionally cleaned. Unlike the toothbrush you use at home, a dentist has a variety of specialty tools that will quickly remove hardened pockets of plaque and tartar. Another common treatment option is the use of prescription mouthwash. If the gum disease has begun to permanently damage the teeth and soft tissue, then a more comprehensive procedure might be needed.

Preventing Gum Disease in the Future

Gum disease can generally be prevented with impeccable oral hygiene habits and regular trips to the dentist. Dangerous bacteria feeds off of food debris within your mouth, and that is why it is so important to clean your teeth and gums after every meal. In addition to brushing and flossing, you must also use antibacterial mouthwash to remove food debris from areas that you cannot reach otherwise.

Gum disease should never be taken lightly, and those who fail to treat this condition will experience a variety of secondary complications including tooth loss, chronic inflammation, ongoing pain, a receding gum line, and severe oral infections.


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